Use an editor to spell check essay. Plato's theory of education is an attempt to touch the evil at its very source. It is an attempt to cure a mental malady by a mental medicine.
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Skinner theory of education The work on experimental psychology and advocated behaviorism, that explains behavior as a function of environmental histories of experiencing consequences. Skinner also wrote a number of controversial works in which he proposed the widespread use of psychological behavior modification techniques, primarily operant conditioning, in order to improve society and increase human happiness; and as a form of social engineering.
These things are acknowledged by James E. Moreover, his experiment gain more attention because it can also be applied to human behavior in everyday life.
Skinners reveal that there are many factors influence in human behavior like basic type of learning such as classical conditioning, and complex learned behaviors such as language.
In factors mention, reward and punishment control and play a majority of human behavior that was explain in operant conditioning. This operant conditioning is mostly used in varied schools to determine responses of human behavior. The succeeding discussions will elaborate B. Behavior Modification Psychological Behaviorism BF Skinner believed that behaviorism subsistence of perception can be traced back to the earliest days of fallacy and unexplained and is useless Gene Zimmer It is indispensable that one should understand the methods attributing behavior of students in the classroom that teachers may encounter.
Giving emphasis on desired behavior of a student and offering incentives to the student to increase the occurrence of the desired behavior. This will motivate the most stubborn child to behave positively in a proper manner. The term and conditions outlines, time and amount of limitation, reinforce to be administered are laid down on the contract design.
Results of Parent Coach Plan research explained that this contract will help the child dealing responsibility properly and gain trust from teachers and parents as well.
The positive response of the students will also depend on the reinforcement given by the teacher.
In education, behaviorisms have effectively embraced the system of reward and punishments in their classrooms by rewarding positive behaviors and punishing negative ones.
It could be praising the child in successfully accomplishing a task on time, a good grade for doing correct answer or a feeling of increased accomplishment or satisfaction or giving chocolate to a positive response shown.
This method has been proven effective as tested according to B. People will behave and do good things because they know what it brings and expects to receive something good out of it.
Like for example, if the students study hard, they have a better chance of garnering high scores or grades. Another, if they will obey their parents, they will receive rewards from their parents in terms may be by receiving higher allowance.
This describes the Reinforcement theory of B. The reinforcement has three principles that typically occur after consequences. Skinner believed more on positive punishment, that if the students do something bad, something bad will also happen. On the other hand, a student receives punishment negativelyif he insults his classmate he cannot take his recess.
These are just simple punishments that can help change the behavior of the students. Behavior Modification Behavioral modification is a therapy technique according to Skinner. Extinguish a negative behavior by taking away the reinforcer and change it with positive behavior by giving reinforcement Skinner, B.
It needs a combination of methods that consists series of steps outlined by Standridge as excerpted below: Specify the outcome you desire for a child.
Catch the child being right. Ask for a response when you know the student has the answer to help develop confidence. Identify and use positive reinforcement when the student responds correctly. Reinforcement continues until the child consistently exhibits the desire behavior.
After the child consistently exhibits the behavior, begin reducing the amount of reinforcement.
Finally evaluate and assess the success based on the continuance of the behavior with no reinforcement. Students enjoy having positive rewards and positive comments from teachers and other students.
Accordingly, this desire for positive comments from teachers and other students is a powerful stimulus. Effects of candy and social reinforcement, instructions, and reinforcement schedule learning on the modification and maintenance of smiling.
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|Locke, John | Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy||His father, also named John, was a legal clerk and served with the Parliamentary forces in the English Civil War.|
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As health care professionals it is essential that Registered Nurses use well developed and tested theories to guide their practice. As put by McEwen (, p) “Theory provides the basis of understanding the reality of nursing; it enables the nurse to understand why an event happens. A comprehensive, coeducational Catholic High school Diocese of Wollongong - Albion Park Act Justly, love tenderly and walk humbly with your God Micah