Apartheid legislation NP leaders argued that South Africa did not comprise a single nation, but was made up of four distinct racial groups: Such groups were split into 13 nations or racial federations.
Background[ edit ] The United Party had been the main opposition in the House of Assembly since it lost power in the election, but it was severely weakened by a split in After the UP wound up, the last UP leader, Sir de Villiers Graaff served as the interim national leader of the new party, with Radclyffe Cadman as parliamentary leader.
Before the election, Graaff resigned and Cadman became the national leader. The NRP held 23 seats at the dissolution of parliament indown from the 41 the United Party had held previously. As Cadman was defeated in the election, a new leader was needed. In fact, the NRP would win just two by-elections during its eleven-year existence: The election however confirmed the NRP: Almost all its members in the House of Assembly were from Natal, and it won the election to the Natal Provincial Council, securing 14 of the 20 seats available.
InRaw was replaced as leader by Bill Sutton. However, the NP's shift towards reform in the early s under the leadership of P. Botha would allow it to make inroads in the NRP's remaining voter base and the party retained only 1 seat, held by Sutton, in the South African general electionthe last one it contested.
However, in the Nationalist government announced plans for a Tricameral Parliamentwhich was to represent coloureds, Indians, and whites. Blacks were not represented, even though the government no longer officially expected them to migrate to the bantustans. The Tricameral policy, and an announcement that it would talk to revolutionary groups, gained the NP liberal support.
This was shown by the party's disastrous showing in the election.The Anti-Apartheid Movement, originally known as the Boycott Movement, was a British organisation that was at the centre of the international movement opposing the South African apartheid system and supporting South Africa's non-White population who were persecuted by the policies of apartheid.
The AAM changed it's name to ACTSA: Action . The British Anti-Apartheid Movement was one of these, organising boycotts against South African sports teams, South African products such as wine and fruit, and British companies that traded with or .
Apartheid (Afrikaans: “apartness”) is the name of the policy that governed relations between the white minority and the nonwhite majority of South Africa during the 20th century. Although racial segregation had long been in practice there, the apartheid name was first used about to describe the racial segregation policies embraced by the white minority government.
The iconic struggle between the apartheid regime of South Africa and those who resisted it illustrates the complexity of some cases of civil resistance.
Originally the use of civil resistance against apartheid was based on Gandhian ideas, which originated in South Africa in where Gandhi was a lawyer working for an Indian trading firm.
The Anti-Apartheid Movement (AAM) was founded in to campaign for the eradication of apartheid. AAM resolved to work for the total isolation of the apartheid system in South Africa and to support those struggling against the apartheid system.
AAM grew out of the Boycott Movement when members saw the need for a more .
A secret South African Defense Force unit created in with the purpose of disrupting anti-apartheid activities in South Africa and abroad by assassinating oppositional leaders and destroying ANC facilities.