Extracts from the journal of Columbus Introduction This document is the from the journal of Columbus in his voyage of The meaning of this voyage is highly contested.
They combined elements of different types of ships including lateen-rigged sails to construct caravels which were strong enough to sail in the Atlantic, but highly maneuverable and large enough to carry supplies for long voyages.
In addition, shipboard compasses became reliable enough to use for navigation. Finally, the Portuguese prince Henry, nicknamed "the Navigator"took a personal interest in promoting voyages of discovery, and founded a school for navigation at Sagres, the southernmost point on the Portuguese coast, in One Portuguese ship also landed on the coast of Brazil, giving Portugal a claim in the Americas.
Many European sailors in the 15th century believed in the search for a sea passage to India known as "the Enterprise of the Indies"but Christopher Columbus was more persistent than most.
Although he became a prominent citizen in Portugal in the s, King John II of Portugal refused his request for a fleet to explore the western route to India because he thought that the route to the east was more practical.
So Columbus went to see Ferdinand and Isabella, the monarchs of the relatively new Kingdom of Aragon and Castile, and asked them for assistance. In return for his work in organizing and leading the expedition, the monarchs made Columbus a Spanish noble and an "admiral of the navy" to insure discipline among the crew and make all of his claims automatically Spanish.
Columbus also received one tenth of all profits, and was appointed the governor of all new discoveries. His fleet of three small ships left Spain in the fall of and returned the following year with some gold, captives, and information about larger lands to the west.
Despite the meager value of his loot, his stories excited enormous interest and the next Spanish fleet left in less than a year with ten ships and more than a thousand men.
The Spanish king appealed to Pope Alexander VI a Spaniard to grant the lands discovered by Columbus to Spain, and Alexander issued a series of four rulings which culminated in the Treaty of Tordesillas of It set the boundary in such a way that Portugal retained the rights to Brazil, as well as Africa and India, while Spain received everything further to the west.
As a result, the boundary between the Spanish and Portuguese empires was extended into the Pacific Ocean by the Treaty of Zaragosa individing the wrld into two parts bwetween the Spanish and the Portuguese.The Heath Anthology of American Literature, Fifth Edition Paul Lauter, General Editor Christopher Columbus () The journal of the first voyage of Columbus (–) describes the land and peoples of the Bahamas, Cuba, and Hispaniola (Haiti and the Dominican Republic) for a pair of monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabel, anxious to .
Journal of the First Voyage of Columbus: Source: First Voyage, Columbus’s journal of his first voyage shows that he departed Spain on August 3, , and returned in April , landing in the Caribbean on October 12, Investigation by the National Geographic Society in the s concluded that this landfall occurred on.
Route of Columbus' first voyage in Modern reconstruction of a caravel ; In the s, the Portuguese developed several innovations that made Atlantic sailing practical. Home American Journeys AJ Columbus, Journal of First Voyage () - Reference URL Share. To link to the entire object, paste this link in email, .
The Journal of the first voyage of Vasco da Gama to India, , an anonymous work, is a real testimony of how Vasco da Gama, in command of a fleet, seeked to discover the sea route to India. How was the first voyage of Columbus to the New World undertaken, and what was its legacy?
The Journal of the first voyage of Vasco da Gama to India, , an anonymous work, is a real testimony of how Vasco da Gama, in command of a fleet, seeked to discover the sea route to India. How was the first voyage of Columbus to the New World undertaken, and what was its legacy? Having convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance his voyage, Christopher Columbus departed mainland Spain on August 3, He quickly made port in the Canary Islands for a final restocking and left. In the letter that prefaces his journal of the first voyage, the admiral vividly evokes his own hopes and binds them all together with the conquest of the infidel, the victory of Christianity, and the westward route to discovery and Christian alliance.
Having convinced the King and Queen of Spain to finance his voyage, Christopher Columbus departed mainland Spain on August 3, He quickly made port in the Canary Islands for a final restocking and left.