Gage is the index case of an individual who suffered major personality changes after brain trauma.
Months later, another correspondent told her that the man might be Phineas Gage and, if so, this would be the first known image of him. Beverly, who had never heard of Gage, went online and found an astonishing tale.
InGage, 25, was the foreman of a crew cutting a railroad bed in Cavendish, Vermont. On September 13, as he was using a tamping iron to pack explosive powder into a hole, the powder detonated. The tamping iron—43 inches long, 1. So Gage went to work at a stable in New Hampshire, drove coaches in Chile and eventually joined relatives in San Francisco, where he died in Mayat age 36, The case of phineas gage a series of seizures.
In time, Gage became the most famous patient in the annals of neuroscience, because his case was the first to suggest a link between brain trauma and personality change.
In his book An Odd Kind of Fame: Even today, his skull, the tamping iron and a mask of his face made while he was alive are the most sought-out items at the Warren Anatomical Museum on the Harvard Medical School campus.
Michael Spurlock, a database administrator in Missoula, Montana, happened upon the Wilgus daguerreotype on Flickr in December As soon as he saw the object the one-eyed man held, Spurlock knew it was not a harpoon.
It looked more like a tamping iron, he thought. Instantly, a name popped into his head: Spurlock knew the Gage story well enough to know that any photograph of him would be the first to come to light. But the man in the Flickr photogragh seemed well-dressed and confident. It was Spurlock who told the Wilguses that the man in their daguerreotype might be Gage.
After Beverly finished her online research, she and Jack concluded that the man probably was. She e-mailed a scan of the photograph to the Warren museum.
It had to be Gage, he determined. How many midth-century men with a mangled eye and scarred forehead had their portrait taken holding a metal tool? A tool with an inscription on it? The Wilguses had never noticed the inscription; after all, the daguerreotype measures only 2.
Harvard has not officially declared that the daguerreotype is of Gage, but Macmillan, whom the Wilguses contacted next, is quite certain.
He wrote about map and document thieves for the April issue of Smithsonian.
Warren Anatomical Museum, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine "Here is business enough for you," Gage told the first doctor to treat him after a premature detonation on a railroad-building site turned a tamping iron into a missile.
From the collection of Jack and Beverly Wilgus Image laterally reversed to show the features in the correct position since daguerreotype is a mirror image The Wilguses first learned that their daguerreotype may be the first known image of Phineas Gage after posting a scan of the image on Flickr.
Chris Hartlove Like this article?A native Houstonian, Randolph W. Evans, MD received his B.A.
from Rice University in and M.D. from Baylor College of Medicine in Dr. Phineas Gage: A Gruesome but True Story About Brain Science [John Fleischman] on timberdesignmag.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Phineas Gage was truly a man with a hole in his head. Phineas, a railroad construction foreman, was blasting rock near Cavendish.
Phineas Gage's Accident On September 13, , the then year-old Gage was working as the foreman of a crew preparing a railroad bed near Cavendish, Vermont. He was using an iron tamping rod to pack explosive powder into a hole.
The index case is the first documented patient in the onset of an epidemiological investigation, or more generally, the first case of a condition or syndrome (not necessarily contagious) to be described in the medical literature, whether or not the patient is thought to be the first person affected.
 An index case will sometimes achieve the status of a "classic" case study in. Return to Main Index: Index to War of Pension Application Files: Copyright © Debbie Duay, Fort Lauderdale, FL. All Rights Reserved.
This site provides. Phineas Gage, whose story is also known as the ‘American Crowbar Case’, was an unwitting and involuntary contributor to the history of neuroscience.
In , when he was just 25 years old, Gage sustained a terrible injury to his brain.