A Man-made Tragedy Sukhendu Debbarma A Critique Deepak Mishra Waiting for Elusive Resettlement and Rehabilitation?
Generation of gainful employment and income for the rural poor, strengthening of household food and nutritional security and sustainable use of natural resources shall continue to be the main objectives of agricultural development in the country.
However, there would be a paradigm shift in the development strategy. Market forces will now greatly guide agricultural production, and private sector would be a useful ally of public sector in the development process. Knowledge will be the key catalyst of growth, besides the traditional sources of growth like land and other resources.
These developments will require significant changes in a majority of the existing institutions to keep them relevant in the present context. In some cases, obsolete institutions may have to be replaced with the new ones.
This institutional change will be guided by expected impact in terms of increasing economic efficiency, strengthening incentives like protection of intellectual property, providing level-playing field to development agents, encouraging participation of stakeholders, enhancing accountability, etc.
The institutions for management of land, water and other common resources should involve their users and other stakeholders for efficient, sustainable and equitable use of these resources. The institutions dealing with agricultural marketing and credit should reach and protect the interests of small farmers, besides increasing economic efficiency.
The most significant change will, however, be witnessed in the institutions dealing with creation, protection, exchange and application of new knowledge and technologies.
This is because the governance, management and organizations of public research system will have to change to improve their effectiveness and efficiency.
The public system will also be required to encourage private research through appropriate incentives and regulatory mechanisms. In particular, protection of intellectual property will be critical; it will determine the linkages between investment, technology and trade, which shall further reinforce the need for institutional change.
A strong intellectual property regime will encourage private investment both domestic and foreign and improve access to internationally competitive technologies and v make an agricultural economy vibrant. The government may have to play a greater role to monitor such developments and respond accordingly.
The government has enacted a number of legislations and amended some others to facilitate development and use of technologies. The present volume discusses provisions in and appropriateness of these institutional reforms.
It also covers the institutional changes needed for agricultural marketing, credit and management of natural resources.
These institutions may not directly affect technology uptake, but facilitate technology adoption, and therefore, are indispensable for evolving knowledge-intensive agriculture in the country. I hope this volume would be immensely useful to policy makers, administrators, researchers and other readers alike.
Technologies were generally embedded in inputs seed, fertilizer, pesticide, etc. However, in future, there will be a paradigm shift—productivity growth would be largely driven by technological advancements, which would be highly knowledge-based and information intensive.
This shift requires new approaches to development, management and dissemination of technologies. The need for change is further heightened by evolving incentive system, ownership of intellectual property, restricted flow of research material, international treaties and conventions, globalization, challenges of the World Trade Organization, changing role of the state, etc.
Thus, a new set of institutions should emerge to provide the growth impetus and synergy to optimally harness technological advances.Case 19 – Target Corporation 1. Why does Target use different hurdle rates for the store and the credit cards (9% and 4%, respectively)?
Which of the five CPRs did you accept?
Which project attributes did you before NPV equals that of the prototype? 5. How much would sales need to fall in order for the project’s IRR to equal that of.
Internal Rate of Return (IRR) which was only 7 per cent in the hill. Among the major Terai-based roads, the IRR was maximum (40 per cent) in the case of Birtamod-Bhadrapur road and minimum (12 per cent) in the Chauharwa-Siraha road. A serious study needs to be made for the policy purpose as to how the resources of the donor agencies and.
Target Corporation. Patrick Cunningham M Professor John Phelps, Ph.D. February 6, Executive Summary: This case study analyzed five different projects Target Corporation had to decide on capital spent for which project created the most value and the 5/5(4). Kate Adams, Trevor Lieske, Timothy Rose, Austin Sanders, Shon Tuo, Davis Brown FIN Target Corporation Case Study Target is a major discount retail company.
They sell a variety of goods ranging from groceries to furniture to clothes. Doug Scovanner and the CEC committee have been presented. CDC Corporation Reports a 56 Percent Increase in the Fourth Quarter Adjusted Genomic Health Announces Publication of Study Using The Case Against the Destruction of a Free.
This was lower thanThe Initial Conditions the Plan target of 9 per cent, but it was marginally 6 Twelfth Five Year Planout to be the case, it can be claimed that the Eleventh has narrowed. However, both the better performingPlan has indeed delivered on inclusiveness. The rate of decline was 14 in the first period and 19 in the sec.