Spread of islam in africa essay

It is indicated that Islam is currently the largest religion being practiced in Africa. There are varied approaches to the spread of the religion with different historical scholars having slightly varying perspectives on the spread of Islam in Africa.

Spread of islam in africa essay

Homework: The Spread of Islam | Ms. Galloway's AP World History

It also accentuates the common historical thread running through the international Muslim community. In Global, African, and Near Eastern studies, the role of the African Muslim may be the most overlooked by Western academia, and involve the most tenacious myths about the spread of Islam.

Yet, the dissemination of Islam in Africa by first Arabs and then African Muslims, and the role that Islam and Muslims have played in the development of Africa, are essential to a balanced and accurate understanding of African history. With relative ease, Amr claimed Fustat from disillusioned and tired Byzantine troops who eventually fled.

Gradually, Muslim armies rode south, along the hypnotizing White Spread of islam in africa essay a tributary of the Nile in Egyptexploring the land of Kemet, the Kushite, Ethiopia, and the east African panorama with its jagged coastline, and out into the temperamental Indian Ocean.

From Alexandria, the jewel of Alexander the Great, it took Arab Bedouins seventy-five years and four enterprising generals to cross Mediterranean Africa, despite continuous resistance by Berber mountain clans. Arabs thought North Africa contained hidden wealth left by the Romans, but, surprisingly, they found nothing of such riches.

Resistance to their encroachments was led by the famous Berber, Kuysaila, who subsequently accepted Islam and rose to fame after assisting the Arab Bedouins along their march through Morocco. After conquering Alexandria, Arab Bedouins met the legendary and revolutionary Berber, Al-Kahina, a woman who, it was said, fought like a man.

Spread of islam in africa essay

According to lore, when she was enraged her hair stood on end and her coal-black eyes widened in intensity. Al-Kahina organized thousands of Sanhaja fighters and with cunning and prowess used the mountains they knew so well to surprise, sabotage, and kill Arab soldiers, all the while maintaining hope of independence in the minds of the Berbers who were used to extended foreign invasions.

By the twelfth century, Christians essentially disappeared from North Africa, while the Coptic population of Egypt shrunk to less than ten percent. For the most part, the Saharan trade, except for the period when Europeans traded for slaves and gold, remained exclusively a Muslim trade as late as the seventeenth century.

On the other hand, during this time, Christians controlled the maritime trade of the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.

Other Subject Areas

Although Umar entered Egypt, all of North Africa was soon to become a prime focus under the Umayyad caliph Muawiyya and his son and successor, Yazid. It would not be, however, until the Abbasid reigns of al-Mansur, al-Mahdi, al-Hadi, and the great Harun ar-Rashid, that expenditures from state coffers maintained security in Africa.

They adhered to the Maliki School which continues to dominate sub-Saharan Africa.

Spread of Islam essays Islam is known as one of the fastest-expanding religions in history. Only contained in Arabia in , its conquests led to its expansion to Persia and Egypt by , and to Africa, Spain, and other parts of Persia by Footnotes: 1 Or “on the path of Allah” or “for the cause of Allah”.. 2 To understand Islam it is imperative that one understands the Shari‘ah, Muslim Law. Perhaps nothing so engages the scholars and their differing interpretations of Islam in our rapidly changing world today as the status and interpretation of the Shari‘ah and its application for contemporary society. Islam: Contemporary figures for Islam are usually between 1 billion and billion, with 1 billion being a figure frequently given in many comparative religion texts, probably because it's such a nice, round timberdesignmag.com figure appears to be dated, however. Relatively high birth rates in Muslim countries continue to make Islam a fast-growing religion.

In accordance with the ethics of Islam, the Almoravid, under two great leaders, Abdullah Ibn Yasin and Ibn Tashfin, sought, to reform Africans gravitating away from orthodox Islam as established by the Prophet Muhammad.

The Almoravid, who originated on the third cataract of the Northern Senegal River, marched in the hopes of eliminating pagan practices.


While they attempted to reinvent the image of Islam in Africa, or duplicate the Abbasid period in Africa, reformists fought against persistent pre-Islamic cultural traditions. The Almohads now sailed from North Africa to re-secure the law and order, and after reconnaissance, they reaffirmed Spain as Muslim, and so it remained until The Muslim world was recovering from a series of unpredictable onslaughts.

In North Africa, now imbued with Sufism, we begin to see the wearing of amulets, the worship of saints and intercessors, the practice by some of making predictions about the future, and the dawn of the renowned mystical schools.The spread of Islam in Africa began in the 7th to 9th century, brought to North Africa initially under the Umayyad Dynasty.

Extensive trade networks throughout North and West Africa created a medium through which Islam spread peacefully, initially through the merchant class.

In the beginning, the spread of Islam in North Africa had been military, but at a later phase, it became peaceful and spread by trade and intermarriage.

Jihad in Islam: Is Islam Peaceful or Militant?

Islam also spread through Islamic education, knowledge, and Arabic all the way down to West Africa, mainly through such peaceful means, especially the trans-Saharan trade routes. Definitions and etymology Definitions. Some definitions or uses of the term Wahhabi Islam include: "a corpus of doctrines", and "a set of attitudes and behavior, derived from the teachings of a particularly severe religious reformist who lived in central Arabia in the mid-eighteenth century" (Gilles Kepel)"pure Islam" (David Commins, paraphrasing supporters' definition), that does not deviate.

At the siege of Vienna in Islam seemed poised to overrun Christian Europe. We are in a new phase of a very old war. The Life of Muhammad and the Spread of Islam Essay Sample In AD a man to be by the Islamic people as the last prophet was born into the world; his name was Muhammad.

Muhammad was born into a poor family in Mecca, but spent most of his childhood being raised by Bedouin relatives in a different town after he was orphaned at the age of six.

Spread of islam in africa essay

While the nearness of Islam in West Africa goes back to eighth century, the spread of the confidence in locales that are presently the cutting edge conditions of Senegal, Gambia, Guinea, Burkina Faso, Niger, Mali and Nigeria, was in reality, a progressive and complex procedure.

General Essay on the Religions of Sub-Saharan Africa