Murray and lay psychoanalyst Christiana D.
Historically, it has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such tests. Its adherents assert that the TAT taps a subject's unconscious to reveal repressed aspects of personalitymotives and needs for achievementpower and intimacyand problem-solving abilities. Procedure The TAT is popularly known as the picture interpretation technique because it uses a standard series of provocative yet ambiguous pictures about which the Rorschach vs tat is asked to tell a story.
The subject is asked Rorschach vs tat tell as dramatic a story as they can for each picture presented, including: There are 31 picture cards in the standard form of the TAT.
Some of the cards show male figures, some female, some both male and female figures, some of ambiguous gender, some adults, some children, and some show no human figures at all. One card is completely blank. Although the cards were originally designed to be matched to the subject in terms of age and gender, any card may be used with any subject.
Most practitioners choose a set of approximately ten cards, either using cards that they feel are generally useful, or that they believe will encourage the subject's expression of emotional conflicts relevant to their specific history and situation.
Therefore, to complete the assessment, each narrative created by a subject must be carefully recorded and analyzed to uncover underlying needsattitudesand patterns of reaction.
Although most clinical practitioners do not use formal scoring systems, several formal scoring systems have been developed for analyzing TAT stories systematically and consistently.
Two common methods that are currently used in research are the: This assesses three defense mechanisms: This assesses four different dimensions of object relations: Murray and Christiana D.
Morgan at Harvard during the s to explore the underlying dynamics of personalitysuch as internal conflictsdominant drives, interests, and motives. Later, in the s, the Human Potential Movement encouraged psychologists to use the TAT to help their clients understand themselves better and stimulate personal growth.
Criticisms Declining adherence to the Freudian principle of repression on which the test is based has caused the TAT to be criticized as false or outdated by some professional psychologists [ citation needed ]. Their criticisms are that the TAT is unscientific because it cannot be proved to be valid that it actually measures what it claims to measureor reliable that it gives consistent results over time, due to the challenge of standardizing interpretations of the narratives provided by subjects.
In a dissertation,  Matthew Narron, Psy. The results concluded that the old TAT elicited answers that included many more specific time references than the new TAT. Contemporary applications of TAT Despite criticisms, the TAT remains widely used as a tool for research into areas of psychology such as dreamsfantasiesmate selection and what motivates people to choose their occupation.
Sometimes it is used in a psychiatric or psychological context to assess personality disordersthought disordersin forensic examinations to evaluate crime suspects, or to screen candidates for high-stress occupations. It is also commonly used in routine psychological evaluations, typically without a formal scoring system, as a way to explore emotional conflicts and object relations .
TAT is widely used in France and Argentina using a psychodynamic approach. It is also used by the Services Selection Board of India. Hannibal Lecter mocks a previous attempt to administer the test to him.
Daria and Quinn are shown a picture of two people.The Rorschach has been the most popular projective test in clinical practice since the Second World War, although the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) and sentence completion tests are gaining in frequency of usage (Watkins et al., ).
The Thematic Apperception Test or the TAT, is a test were the subject looks at a series of cards and asked to tell a story about the series of cards. The subject is asked to explain the characters feelings and how they would resolve conflict. Feb 03, · Best Answer: Projective personality tests provide an ambiguous stimulus and unclear response requirements.
• Rorschach test (). Inkblot stimuli; asked the subject to explain what the inkblot might be. The test consists of a set of ten card with an inkblot on each timberdesignmag.com: Resolved. You are here: AllPsych > Personality Synopsis > Chapter 6: Section 3: Specific Projective Tests.
Rorschach Inkblot Test. Thematic Apperception Test. The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) was developed by Henry Murray, a student of psychoanalytic thought. The Thematic Apperception Test, or TAT, is a projective psychological test.
Historically, it has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such tests. Historically, it has been among the most widely researched, taught, and used of such tests. The Rorschach and Thematic Apperception Test are also useful in providing generalized treatment planning, but also in identifying problems in aggression and sexually aberrant behavior.