Since at least the 3rd century, the indigenous people were in contact with the other Southeast Asian and East Asian nations. Fragmented ethnic groups established several polities formed by the assimilation of several small political units known as barangay each headed by a Datuwho was then answerable to a Rajah or a Lakanwho headed the city state. Each barangay consisted of about families.
Testaments to the ability to the pre-Spanish Filipino’s abilities are the archeological finds like the Laguna Copperplate Inscription and Calatagan clay pot. Thus, before the Spaniards came, the Philippines already have a community and political system and a thriving culture. Political Development of the Philippine Government 1. THE PRE-SPANISH GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES 2. THE PRE-SPANISH GOVERNMENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Prior to the arrival of the Spaniards, the Philippines was composed of settlements or villages, each called barangay, named after balangay, a Malayan word meaning “boat”. Philippine Government in Pre Spanish Period Words Jul 24th, 18 Pages Education in the Philippines changed radically, and was before patterned from both of educational systems of Spain and the United States.
This site contains quotes, articles, ebooks, and other related documents on Philippine historical studies. In ancient times the inhabitants of the Philippines were a diverse agglomeration of peoples who arrived in various waves of immigration from the Asian mainland and who maintained little contact with each other.
The peoples of the Philippine archipelago, unlike most of the other peoples of Southeast Asia, never adopted Hinduism or Buddhism.
Sedentary cultivation was the exception. The slave status was inherited but, through manumission and interclass marriage, seldom extended over more than two generations. The fluidity of the social system was in part the consequence of a bilateral kinship system in which lineage was reckoned equally through the male and female lines.
Marriage was apparently stable, though divorce was socially acceptable under certain circumstances. Early Filipinos followed various local religions, a mixture of monotheism and polytheism in which the latter dominated. The propitiation of spirits required numerous rituals, but there was no obvious religious hierarchy.
In religion, as in social structure and economic activity, there was considerable variation between—and even within—islands.
Had the Spanish come a century later or had their motives been strictly commercial, Filipinos today might be a predominantly Muslim people.Historian Ambeth Ocampo notes an overlap in the history of pre-colonial Philippines and the Spanish colonial period, claiming that while Magellan's arrival in marked the first documented arrival of European colonizers to this country, it was not until the arrival of Miguel López de Legazpi in that the Europeans had any marked impact.
Pre-Spanish Period The first people in the Philippines, the Negritos, are believed to have come to the islands 30, years ago from Borneo and Sumatra, making their way across then-existing land bridges.
Subsequently, Malays came from the south in successive waves, the earliest by .
Philippine Government in Pre Spanish Period Words Jul 24th, 18 Pages Education in the Philippines changed radically, and was before patterned from both of educational systems of Spain and the United States.
The U.S. invited Aguinaldo to return to the Philippines in the hope he would rally Filipinos against the Spanish colonial government.
Aguinaldo arrived on May 19, , via transport provided by Dewey. The Spanish, after subjugating most of the Philippines, were only able to subjugate the Ivatan on , where they were confronted by Mangpus Kenan Aman Dangat, the Mangpus of Batanes at the time. Dangat was executed by the Spanish, and the islands were controlled by Spain through Manila.
PHILIPPINE HISTORY Pre-Colonial Period Arts & Letters University of Santo Tomas Manila Prepared by: Mr. Ernie Ronel T.
Mabahague. Pre-Colonial Philippines A. Society 1. Mode of Dressing 2. Ornaments 3. Houses 4. Social Classes 5. Status of Women Government • unit of government was the barangay.