Most of the parenting-substance use literature has been conducted in Western populations and it is unknown whether findings are generalizable to other cultures and contexts. We extended the parenting-substance use literature to a cohort of emerging adults in the Philippines using the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey. Females were dropped from analyses due to low prevalence of drug users. We found that many emerging adults in Cebu reported having used drugs, particularly methamphetamine—a dangerous drug with high abuse potential.
From a scientific standpoint, an under- standing of parenting is crucial to the study of human development, given substan- tial research evidence that how parents raise their children is cause and correlate of various positive and negative outcomes, from school and work success to antisocial behavior and mental illness Collins et al.
However, the current state of knowledge remains dominated by Western research Henrich et al. This chapter presents the dominant themes that describe parenting in the Philippines. Parenting in the Philippines has been shaped by the unique history, values, experiences, adaptations, and ways of being that characterize the Filipino people and their culture.
The fundamental assumption of this chapter is that parent-child interactions, and the complex roles, meanings, and consequences associated with parenting, are embedded in and shaped by broader contexts such as extended kin networks, neighborhoods, socioeconomic class, and culture.
Alampay This chapter describes various facets of Filipino parenting in terms of cognitions beliefs, attitudes, expectations and behaviors towards children, the nature of parent-child interactions, and the differentiated roles of mothers and fathers, and sons and daughters.
The discussion is intended to provide a broad view of parenting in the Philippines, based on data derived from local and internationally published empirical research, mostly in the disciplines of psychology and sociology.
There are within-culture and individual differences in the presented themes and patterns due, in part, to such variables as level of education, socioeconomic status, or ethnicity.
These are not highlighted, however, as such nuances either have not been fully explored empirically or detract from the goal of providing a coherent picture of Filipino parenting. An Overview of the Philippines Fig.
Twenty-three percent of the population lives below the inter- national poverty line USD 1. Families with a highly educated head of the household experience eco- nomic growth and increased consumption, but progress has lagged significantly for the lower income class Ney The average size of the household is 4.
At the end ofthere were an estimated 9. Filipino Cultural and Family Values In a comprehensive review of parenting in Asia, the authors ascribe to Filipino culture the largely collectivist and interdependent values that have also been identified in Chinese and Japanese societies Chao and Tseng Like our Asian neighbors, Filipinos strongly value, prioritize, and intentionally cultivate strong relational bonds, especially within the family.
In desiring harmony and inclusiveness in their relationships, Filipinos are thought to subjugate individual interests to conform with their in-group, engage in pakikisama being along with or adjusting to othersand avoid conflict and confrontation Lynch But indigenous psychologists largely rejected the concept of SIP as the core of Filipino interpersonal values, arguing against a psychology that inter- prets Filipino personality from a colonial lens.
Instead, the concept of kapwa was proposed as pivotal in regulating social relationships Enriquez In this way, the Filipino self is fundamentally interdependent with the other, even as it remains differentiated.
To think and behave as if the self were separate from kapwa is to be individualistic, egotistic, and walang kapwa-tao without fellow-feelinga serious transgression in Filipino society Enriquez The Filipino family is strongly characterized by cohesiveness among immediate members and extended kin, respect for elders and deference to parental authority, and fulfillment of mutual obli- gations Chao and Tseng ; Medina ; Wolf ; Peterson ; Licuanan Because of this, it is imperative that one behaves with propriety and dignity with respect to the self and the family, which is a deeply held Filipino value known as hiya Enriquez Filipino children likewise strive to meet familial obligations and expectations, whether in the form of instrumental support, such as conducting household chores or helping parents financially in their old age, or in the form of educational and occupational achievements Garo-Santiago et al.
In rural and lower-income contexts, especially, family members rely on an extended and intergenerational system of mutual obligations and exchanges, where cooperation, generosity, and sacrifice ensure the wellbeing of the family and its neediest members Peterson Children are expected to pos- sess a sense of utang na loob towards their parents for having borne and reared them, which must be manifested in respectfulness and honoring of family obliga- tions Medina Otherwise, the son or daughter will be known as without hiya or without utang na loob—no honor or gratitude—signifying that one is not a good child, much less a decent person.
The foregoing cultural values of kapwa, hiya, and utang na loob are among the interdependent themes that pervade the dynamics of Filipino parenting and parent- child relationships, which are characterized by respect for parental authority and obedience on the part of children, family cohesion, and meeting familial obliga- tions.I always look forward to my weekly CoJ emails, and as a Filipina at home in the world (born in Manila, raised as an expat kid in Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, and the US), when I saw “Parenting in the Philippines” in bold, my heart swelled with joy for my motherland.
Apr 27, · Having said that, it would be good to check out the above three parenting styles and apply them to governing styles that our five presidentiables are offering us right now. Parenting style is a potent and malleable influence on emerging adult substance use.
Most of the parenting-substance use literature has been conducted in Western populations and it is unknown whether findings are .
Parenting in the Philippines Liane Peña Alampay Being a parent is universally considered a complex and valued role that most adults would undertake and regard as one of the most significant steps in their lives. This is certainly evident in Philippine society, where the family is “the center of [Filipinos’] universe” (Jocano , p).
FOUR DIFFERENT STYLES OF PARENTING 1 Four different styles of parenting and their effects on children Samantha Johnson Hillsborough Community College FOUR DIFFERENT STYLES OF PARENTING 2 Four different styles of parenting and their effects on children The correlation between parenting styles and child development has always interested me and therefore is the reason why I .
“A Comparative Study of Parenting Styles Between Filipinos and Western Culture” Statement of the Problem 2. What is the dominant parenting styles of Filipino parents among the following: Authoritarian Parenting Style Permissive Parenting Style Democratic/Authoritative Parenting Style Uninvolved Parenting Style 3.