Maintaining a healthy school environment by preventing bullying

None Additional Content Requirements: The Department also provides both a guidance document covering basic questions and steps to take in Evaluating Local Wellness Policies and a basic power point presentation explaining Section requirements and the steps necessary to create and implement a wellness policy.

Maintaining a healthy school environment by preventing bullying

I feel like everything went great. Plus, I love visiting Washington, DC — the remarkable history of our great nation fills my heart with pride. Below, I wanted to share my written remarks to the Committee.

It summarizes what Justin and I believe are the key focal areas to which the government should devote attention, energy, and resources. You can also watch the archived live-stream here to hear my comments and answers to their questions.

Good afternoon to each of you. Along with my colleague Dr. Justin Patchin from the University of Wisconsin Eau-Claire, I have worked to promote the positive use of technology among students through research and outreach for the last 15 years.

Topics we explore in our work include a number of behaviors that mainly occur on social media. These include sexting, sextortion, digital dating abuse, digital self-harm, digital reputation issues, and cyberbullying — which I will focus on today. While I am proud of the papers and books we have published, I am most thankful for my time in the trenches working with tens of thousands of students, educators, mental health professionals, law enforcement, and parents each year on these topics.

So many are in need of research-informed guidance, and I know that is why we are here. The Prevalence and Impact of Cyberbullying In our most recent study of a nationally-representative sample of approximately 5, middle and high schoolers in the U.

Research has tied experience with bullying and cyberbullying to low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, family problems, academic difficulties, delinquency, school violence, and suicidal thoughts and attempts. Most important to me is how negative experiences online unnecessarily compromise the healthy flourishing of our youth at school — where they spend over 6.

That cannot be happening. Recommendations Even though states work hard to get meaningful guidance to each school district, schools across each state are often left to figure out from trial and error what sort of strategies they should put into place to address cyberbullying.

We go into schools all the time, and many administrators and counselors simply are not sure what they should be doing. At best, these approaches are inefficient, and at worst they are doing more damage than good as kids will tune out, believe we are oblivious, and feel that nothing is going to get better.

Now more than ever, our efforts must be relevant, research-based, systemic, and comprehensive instead of ad-hoc and off-the-cuff. Allow me to share a few key recommendations. Please note that none of these are app-specific or cyber-specific because cyberbullying is not so much a technological problem as some would like to believe.

It is more of a social problem manifesting where we all increasingly live our lives: School climate efforts Positive school climates are marked by shared feelings of connectedness, belongingness, emotional warmth, peer respect, morale, safety, and school spirit.

In one of our recent studies, we found that in schools where students perceived a better or more positive school climate, there was significantly less cyberbullying as well as less school bullying, violence, and other problem behaviors. This makes sense because most cyberbullying among youth occurs between individuals who know each other at school — not between strangers who only connect online.

Specific school programming towards this end can help reduce the frequency of cyberbullying, as well as contribute to increased student attendance and participation, higher student achievement, and less disciplinary issues.

Social Norming Social norming has to do with modifying the environment or culture within a school, so that appropriate behaviors are not only encouraged, but widely perceived to be the norm.

Maintaining a healthy school environment by preventing bullying

The last thing we want is to waste time, effort, and resources on adult-led initiatives that students know would never gain any traction. Resilience Generally speaking, resilience is the capacity to bounce back and successfully adapt in the face of adversity. Some interesting findings on this topic came out of one of our recent papers.

Of those students who were cyberbullied, those with the highest levels of resilience were least likely to be phased by it in terms of their ability to learn and their feelings of safety at school. Those with the lowest resilience were more likely to say that it negatively affected their school experience.

In addition, students with high resilience who were cyberbullied were more likely to utilize prosocial responses—like reporting it to a school authority, to the site or app on which it occurred, changing their screen name, blocking the harasser, or logging out.

They believed in themselves and their ability to do something about the problem. However, those with the lowest levels of resilience, when cyberbullied, did nothing.

Finally, among those students who were cyberbullied, those with higher levels of resilience were less likely to be bothered overall, and less likely to get sad, angry, frustrated, fearful, or embarrassed because of it. Why does this matter?

Diffusion of Benefits The topics I have discussed today have similar implications not just for cyberbullying, but for general student well-being and school safety.

Creating and maintaining a positive school climate can help reduce a host of problem behaviors because adults have better relationships with the students under their care.Arlyn School and its constituents are committed to cultivating and maintaining a learning environment that does not reinforce bullying, intimidation, or harassment, but encourages openness, tolerance, selflessness, understanding, extraordinary kindness, and respect.

Bullying has become a worrisome problem, causing not only discomfort and stress but leading to illness and even death. Good planning and strategic messaging can prevent and even stop bullying in the school, workplace and other environments.

To learn, children and adolescents need to feel safe and supported. Without these conditions, the mind reverts to a focus on survival. Educators in high-performing, high-poverty schools have long recognized the critical importance of providing a healthy, safe, and supportive classroom and school environment.

Mandates: The Legislature recognizes the importance of physical education in maintaining healthy children and urges California schools to fulfill their physical education obligations" in Assembly Concurrent Resolution 31 ().

Education Code (no date available) encourages school districts that offer physical education in . Yesterday, I testified on “cyberbullying and social media” in front of the Federal Commission of School Safety, chaired by Secretary Betsy DeVos and comprised of Secretary Kirstjen Nielsen (Homeland Security), Secretary Alex Azar (Health and Human Services), and Attorney General Jeff Sessions.

Durham LSCB is a statutory body established under the Children Act It is independently chaired and consists of senior representatives of all the principle stakeholders working together to safeguard children and young people.

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